There are a number of rules specific to how to distribute Qurbani meat, the first of which is that each able Muslim should donate one share.
What is Qurbani meat?
Qurbani meat refers to the animals that are sacrificed during Eid al-Adha. The animals that are sacrificed for this meat must meet certain criteria to qualify as Qurbani, which will be further explained below. Essentially, Qurbani meat is an incredibly important feature of Islam and signifies how Muslims are expected to devote themselves to Allah (SWT) wholly.
After all, the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was willing to make the ultimate act of devotion by sacrificing his son, Ismail (AS). This willingness meant that Allah (SWT) spared Ismail’s (AS) life and put a ram in his place. Qurbani meat is representative of the ram that Ibrahim (AS) slaughtered.
Qurbani Meat Shares
Muslims who have reached the age of puberty, who are mentally stable, have more than 614.25g of silver (or the equivalent value in money), and who are not more than 27 miles from home must give one share in Qurbani. It is not compulsory for children to give Qurbani, but families and households often purchase a larger animal that is worth seven shares and give their Qurbani jointly.
Some animals are worth more shares than others. Goats and sheep are worth one share, whilst cows, buffalos, and camels are worth seven shares. Animals smaller than sheep and goats are not accepted for Qurbani as there is not enough meat to distribute.
Animals must be able to be split into at least three shares: one share for the donor Qurbani is compulsory, one share for the donor's friends, and one share for someone in need.
Selecting Qurbani Animals
Of the cows, buffalos, sheep, goats, and camels that may be distributed for Qurbani, they must be carefully selected. Only animals that are of a certain standard can be distributed for Qurbani. To qualify, animals must:
- Have two-thirds of their vision and both of their eyes
- Have two-thirds of their tails and ears
- Have their horns intact
- Be a healthy weight
- Have half of their teeth
- Be able to walk on their own
It’s also imperative that sheep and goats are at least one year old, cows and buffalos must be at least two years old, and camels should be at least five years old.
Qurbani Slaughter Rules
When a Muslim has either made a Qurbani donation online or physically purchased an animal that can be divided up into the necessary shares, the sacrifice must be made either on their behalf or by them. There are strict rules relating to the way Qurbani animals are slaughtered.
- No animal should see another animal being sacrificed
- No animal should see the slaughter knife sharpened in front of them
- No animal should be slaughtered with a blunt knife
- No animal should be skinned until they’re completely cold
- The phrase “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar” should be said at the time of slaughter
Distributing Qurbani Meat
Following the slaughter, the animal is then split into three shares: one for the donor, one for the donor’s friends and one for a person in need. When Muslims perform Qurbani themselves, they may split the animal themselves and take their share. When a Muslim makes a Qurbani donation to a charity like Orphans in Need, we will ensure you still receive the blessings and rewards for your shares, but we will physically give the share to people in need to eat.
Hadiths on Sacrifice
There are numerous hadiths on sacrifice, as making sacrifices is among the most effective means of displaying devotion to Allah (SWT).
"For every people did We appoint rites (of sacrifice) that they might celebrate the name of God over the sustenance He gave them from animals (fit for food). But your God is One God. Submit then your wills to him (in Islam). The sacrificial camels We have made for you as among the symbols from God. In them is (much) good for you So mention the name of Allah on them standing in a row. Then when they fall down on their sides, eat of them, feed the contented one and the beggar. Thus have We made them subservient to you that you may be grateful."
Please Allah (SWT) and fulfil your religious obligation to give Qurbani in memory of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) by donating Qurbani to Orphans in Need. Your kind donation will ensure that our brothers and sisters around the world may enjoy a nourishing meal at Eid al-Adha.